Test tube baby process: Everything you need to know

Being abandoned from the joy of motherhood can be quite a harsh reality. The ongoing stress of the world has taken so much of a toll on us that the dream of parenting gets concealed over the lack of time or due to the excessive burden of working life.

The advancement of science and technology have to be given some credit at this point. Researchers, doctors, scientists have put their best effort into bringing ‘artificial pregnancy’ to life. The miraculous technique being talked about here is the test-tube baby. People somehow assume test-tube baby meansa baby coming out of the Petri dish! Let us delve into the world of test-tube baby, bringing into the light its obscurities.

What is test tube baby?

 The term Test tube baby was first coined in 1978 with the birth of Louise Joy Brown. Ever since, it has marked its territory of success in the field of reproduction and fertilization. To give a simpler view, test-tube baby refers to the conception of a child outside the mother’s uterus. The test tube baby technique is called the IVF treatment.

Test tube baby process-

  1.  Hormonal therapy is given-

 Before collecting the eggs from the mother, she is first given hormonal injections, gonadotropin to allow the maturation of the follicles. The final stage is brought about by injecting the HCG thirty- six hours before collecting the eggs.

       2. Collection of eggs from the ovary-

 Under the effect of sedation, the mother’s eggs are retrieved by the doctors. Immediately after that, the obtained eggs are taken to the laboratory.

      3.  Semen is obtained-

 The same day of the eggs being collected. The father or the donor is called upon to give the sample semen.

4. Fertilization of the eggs and the sperms-

 The mixing of the eggs and the sperm is done and finally put inside an incubator. The doctor further checks for the growth of the embryo from within the incubator.

       5. Embryo transfer-

 The embryos are finally transferred inside the mother’s womb. Care is taken to make the surrounding of the uterus adaptable for the further growth of the seed. The uterine lining should be made thick, and to do so, progesterone is advised.

When is this treatment required?

  •  Damaged fallopian tube

A blocked or damaged fallopian tube causes a hindrance in the path of fertilization. Also, the fallopian tube is the way through which the embryo reaches the uterus. With a scarred fallopian tube, this journey of the embryo is obstructed.

  • Endometriosis

This is the overgrowth of the tissue outside the walls of the uterus. Endometriosis causes a dysfunction in the proper working of the uterus, fallopian tube, and the ovaries.

  • Problem in ovulation-

Due to any derangement in the ovulating phase, the number of eggs produced by the ovary is reduced and also will be of a lower quality. It is mandatory to have healthy eggs to enable fertilization.

  • Tubectomy

In case you got your fallopian tubes ligated, yet you want to get pregnant. IVF treatment is the technique that you can opt for.

  • Low sperm count-

Inability to produce enough number of healthy sperm can lead to infertility. Test tube baby is the answer to this problem.

  • Genetic issues-

To avoid genetic problems being passed to the child, parents undergo this treatment.

  • Unknown reason for infertility-

In case there is no diagnosed reason for not being able to conceive. Therefore, there is no treatment to overcome the underlying issue. Test tube baby can be considered in such situations.

Does the test tube baby technique cause any side effects?

As much as it is a boon for people having infertility problems, they are also wrecked by the dilemma of undergoing this treatment. Although, financially, it can cause a setback, but that fact can be negated once the ‘ angel face’ comes home. Choosing the IVF technique can be overwhelming for both parents. But, so much so, it is risk-free and the best way to accomplish the dream of parenthood. Only by taking care of your health and daily routine, this treatment will end up being successful. For further assistance, you can always consult one of the top 10 IVF doctors in Delhi.

However, in few conditions, the following problems may arise:

  • Multiple births can result due to the transfer of more than one embryo in the
  • The treatment in few circumstances result in the baby having a low birth weight. Also, premature delivery can be anticipated.
  • Miscarriages have been reported only in the increased maternal age
  • Infection during the process of the retrieval of the
  • The use of gonadotropin to induce ovulation may at times result in the swelling of the

Although the risks to the treatment can be managed, but it is for the betterment of the couple to know a few of the side effects that can be accompanied by the IVF treatment.

Apart from the few problems that can be very well tackled, the advantages of the treatment are many. IVF is helpful in:

  • It is the answer to your infertility problems
  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Where parenting age is more
  • Endometriosis
  • Male infertility
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

Why test-tube baby?

 Couples who have been trying over many years in futile attempts should consider this treatment. The outlook of our society is growing. It is in our best interest to let go of the conservative methods or what society will say if such a treatment is opted for. A quick reminder for all of us should be that test-tube baby is a boon to the world today. A reason to cherish parenthood when all the conventional techniques have stalled. We should be at a place to embrace it and choose an IVF treatment when everything else has ceased to work. Ultimately, what counts, is the ‘ bundle of joy that we bring home. If you cannot go by words, walk up to a test tube baby center in Noida, you will have an encounter with a miracle!!

Dr. Sowjanya Aggarwal

Dr. Sowjanya Aggarwal is a Gynaecologist and Fertility Specialist with Professional experience of over 15 years in Clinical Practice.
With a holistic and compassionate approach to patient care, Dr. Sowjanya clearly presents treatment options and strives to individualize management plans using best available evidence and state-of-the-art technology.

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